What do the Numbers Mean?

October 10, 2011 at 10:12 am Leave a comment

Pattern Management

Keeping a blood glucose record can help you and your health care provider track patterns in your glucose levels.

What is Pattern Management?

Pattern management involves reviewing several days of glucose records and making adjustments in diabetes treatment based on trends, rather than reacting to a single high or low blood glucose reading.

What are the benefits of Pattern Management?

•You can learn how certain foods, activities, or changes in medication affect your glucose levels.

• You can identify problems and causes of blood glucose fluctuations.

What do I need to do?

• Monitor your blood glucose levels 4 to 6 times a day: fasting, before meals, 2 hours after meals and at bedtime for at least 3 to 5 days (or according to your health provider’s recommendations).

• Try to keep your food intake, physical activity, and insulin or oral medication as consistent as possible.

• Record the date, time of day, blood glucose results, food intake (type, portion size, and grams of carbohydrates or number of carbohydrate servings).

Interpreting Your Blood Glucose Readings:

• Review your Blood Glucose and Food Record to identify any patterns (problems).

• Does something happen at the same time every day? Read down the columns of blood glucose checks to review all the readings at each time. For example: three high readings at the same time each day is a pattern of highs. Two low readings at the same time is a pattern of lows.

• Consider the possible causes of high or low blood glucose (blood glucose above or below your target).

If Blood Glucose Readings are High for 3 to 5 Days at the Same Time:

• You may be eating too much carbohydrate

• You may need to increase your physical activity

• You may need to increase your insulin or change your oral medication

If Blood Glucose Readings are Low for 2 Days at the Same Time of Day:

• You may be eating too little carbohydrate

• You may need to have a snack before or after your exercise program.

• You may need to decrease your insulin or oral medication

Caution: Before making an increase or decrease in your medications check with your health care provider first. There are other possible causes for high or low blood glucose readings that may need to be considered.

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